All About

STREP THROAT

Strep throat or Streptococcal pharyngitis is an infection of the tonsils and throat caused by the  group A Streptococcus bacteria

strep white puss.jfif

Common Symptoms

  • Sore Throat

  • Enlarged tonsils often covered with white pus

  • Headache, fever, nausea and vomiting

Cause

  • Strep throat is caused by Group A β-hemolytic Streptococcus 

  • It is spread by direct, close contact with an infected person.

  • Moist bacteria on toothbrushes or similar items can persist for up to 15 days.

  • 12% carry GAS in their pharynx, and, after treatment, approximately 15% of those remain positive, and are true "carriers".

the-different-types-of-streptococcal-722x406.jpg

Diagnosis

Throat Culture

This is the gold standard for strep testing.  The doctor takes a throat sample and sends it to a certified lab to grow the bacteria.  Culture testing has a 95% accuracy in diagnosis strep.

​​

Rapid Throat Swabs

Rapid tests are fast and can deliver results in as little as 10 minutes, however has a lower sensitivity than the "Gold Standard" culture.  The CDC recommends a follow up culture if patient received  a negative result from a rapid throat swab and the doctor suspects strep is present. 

Treatment

Antibiotics

Antibiotics normally treat strep in 3-5 days.  It is crucial to adhere to the doctor's instruction and complete the full antibiotic regimen.  

Children can return to school after 12 of antibiotics and no longer have a fever

Contact your doctor if symptom still persist after 48 hours from taking antibiotics.

antibiotics2.jfif